memorial presented in robert fitzroy's bicentenary (2005) commemorates his landing on cape horn on 19 april 1830. singer-songwriter gordon lightfoot wrote a song entitled "ghosts of cape horn. the waters around cape horn are particularly hazardous, owing to strong winds, large waves, strong currents and icebergs; these dangers have made it notorious as a sailors' graveyard.^ (spanish) cabo de hornos designado reserva de la biósfera, from conaf. other passages may be taken around the wollaston and hermite islands to the north of cape horn. a classic case is that of miles and beryl smeeton, who attempted to round the horn in their yacht tzu hang.^ "faro cabo de hornos" [cape horn light station] (in spanish).
several prominent ocean yacht races, notably the volvo ocean race, the velux 5 oceans, and the vendée globe, sail around the world via the horn. although the 1984 movie portrayed another decision to go round the horn as a precipitating factor in the mutiny (this time west-to-east after collecting the breadfruits in the south pacific), in fact that was never contemplated out of concern for the effect of the low temperatures near the horn on the plants. finally, the global challenge race goes around the world the "wrong way", from east to west, which involves rounding cape horn against the prevailing winds and currents. clipper route followed by ships sailing between the united kingdom and australia/new zealand passed around cape horn. horn and other stories from the end of the world, by francisco coloane.^ north america and the cape horn route, by captain harold d. horn has been an icon of sailing culture for centuries; it has featured in sea shanties and in many books about sailing.
"rounding the horn" is traditionally understood to involve sailing from 50 degrees south on one coast to 50 degrees south on the other coast, the two benchmark latitudes of a horn run, a considerably more difficult and time-consuming endeavor having a minimum length of 930 miles (1,500 km). isbn 1-55054-058-0 an account of the lives of the author's god-father miles smeeton, and his wife beryl, including a couple of spectacular trips to the horn. although the ice limit dips south around the horn, icebergs are a significant hazard for vessels in the area. in 1987 the british cape horn expedition, headed by nigel h seymour, rounded cape horn in the world's first ever 'sailing kayaks' called 'kaymaran' two sea going kayaks which could link together with two sails mountable in any four of the sailing positions between the two kayaks.. navy marine climatic atlas of the world: rounding cape horn, 1995. the one located in the chilean navy station is the more accessible and visited, and is commonly referred to as the cape horn lighthouse. we closed in with the barnevelts, and running past cape deceit with its stony peaks, about three o'clock doubled the weather-beaten cape horn.
^ cited in cape horn and the cape of fear, retrieved 18 november 2012. prevailing winds and currents create particular problems for vessels trying to round the horn against them, i. this abortive horn voyage has been portrayed (with varying historical accuracy) in three major motion pictures about captain william bligh's mission to transport breadfruit plants from tahiti to jamaica. john masefield wrote: "cape horn, that tramples beauty into wreck / and crumples steel and smites the strong man dumb. moitessier made two significant voyages round the horn; once with his wife françoise, described in cape horn: the logical route, and once single-handed. factors combine to make the passage around cape horn one of the most hazardous shipping routes in the world: the fierce sailing conditions prevalent in the southern ocean generally; the geography of the passage south of the horn; and the extreme southern latitude of the horn, at 56° south. the horn: being the story of williwaws and windjammers, drake, darwin, murdered missionaries and naked natives – a deck's-eye view of cape horn, by dallas murphy.
, in which the author describes an arduous trip from boston to california via cape horn:Just before eight o'clock (then about sundown, in that latitude) the cry of "all hands ahoy!. not far below 40° south latitude); however, rounding cape horn requires ships to press south to 56° south latitude, well into the zone of fiercest winds. at the horn, however, these waves encounter an area of shallow water to the south of the horn, which has the effect of making the waves shorter and steeper, greatly increasing the hazard to ships. this is a snug little harbour, not far from cape horn; and here, at christmas-eve, we anchored in smooth water. cape horn proper is a smaller 4-metre (13-foot) fiberglass light tower, with a focal plane of 40 metres (130 feet) and a range of about 21 kilometres (13 miles). in summer, the wind at cape horn is gale force up to 5% of the time, with generally good visibility; however, in winter, gale-force winds occur up to 30% of the time, often with poor visibility. need for ships to round cape horn was greatly reduced by the opening of the panama canal in 1914.