Historical dating abbr crossword

Historical dating abbr crossword

are many "code words" or "indicators" that have a special meaning in the cryptic crossword context. several discrete areas have been explored: the cognitive or linguistic challenges posed by cryptic clues,[26][27][28][29] the use of cryptic crosswords to preserve cognitive flexibility ("use-it-or-lose-it") in aging populations,[26][30][31] and expertise studies into the drivers of high performance and ability in solving cryptics. crosswords with exactly 36 blocks, 74 words, 74 open squares, and an average word length of 5. the others tend to be somewhere in between; the financial times and independent tend towards ximenean, the daily telegraph also – although its toughie crossword can take a very libertarian approach depending on the setter. the book of the crossword lays this injunction upon him: "you need not mean what you say, but you must say what you mean. or setters often use slang terms and abbreviations, generally without indication, so familiarity with these is important for the solver. the early 1970s the satirical magazine private eye had a crossword set by the labour mp tom driberg, under the pseudonym of "tiresias" (supposedly "a distinguished academic churchman"). crispa, named from the latin for "curly-headed", who set crosswords for the guardian from 1954[15] until her retirement in 2004, legally changed her surname to crisp after divorcing in the 1970s. this is described by the paper as "the toughest crossword in fleet street" or similar and does include the setter's pseudonym.

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whether you're a novice or a puzzle solver wishing to improve, these tips and techniques will have you solving crosswords faster and more efficiently. compilers of cryptic crosswords are commonly called "setters" in the uk.[19] in every cycle, a setter publishes a certain number of crosswords allotted to him or her, unlike british papers where things are mostly random. the german zeitmagazin has a weekly cryptic crossword called um die ecke gedacht and the sz magazin features das kreuz mit den worten. "for example" is abbreviated to the letters e and g (for "e. "top 10 crosswords in fiction, no 9: pg wodehouse's the truth about george".[35] in the short story "the fascinating problem of uncle meleager's will", by dorothy l sayers, lord peter wimsey solves a crossword in order to solve the mystery. is an example (taken from the guardian crossword of 6 august 2002, set by "shed"). the irish times' cryptic crossword is currently set by crosaire's successor crosheir.

dating term usually abbr crossword

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Crossword puzzle answers: August 15, 2016

aarp's online crossword puzzle game is an excellent way to spend some free time building your vocabulary and problem solving skills, as well as a great way to keep your mind quick and flexible. britain it is traditional—dating from the cryptic crossword pioneer edward (bill) powys mathers (1892–1939), who called himself torquemada after the spanish inquisitor—for compilers to use evocative pseudonyms. this kind of clue is called an indirect anagram, which in the vast majority of cryptic crosswords are not used, ever since they were criticised by 'ximenes' in his 1966 book on the art of the crossword. until her retirement in december 2010, barbara hall was puzzles editor for 32 years, and wrote about half the paper's cryptic crosswords. atlantic magazine had a long-running variety cryptic crossword, known as the puzzler, created by emily cox and henry rathvon beginning in 1977,[22] available only online since march 2006. of the famous azed crossword, which employs a barred grid and a wider vocabulary than standard cryptics, and in conjunction with its predecessors 'torquemada' and 'ximenes' is the longest-running series of barred-grid puzzles. crosswords are a range of magazines sold throughout the uk, ireland, australia and new zealand. weeks in every 18, the 'variety puzzle' in the sunday edition is a cryptic crossword, usually by emily cox and henry rathvon, richard silvestri, or fraser simpson. 2009 the adult comic magazine viz has incorporated a cryptic crossword credited to anus.

Wednesday, April 12, 2017 crossword by Emily Carroll

a cryptic crossword in the saturday edition in the puzzles section from the sunday times. these ten tips will improve your crossword puzzle solving skills. "about" is abbreviated "c" (for "circa"), and "little desmond" indicates that the diminutive of desmond (namely, des) is required. the first british crossword puzzles appeared around 1923 and were purely definitional, but from the mid-1920s they began to include cryptic material: not cryptic clues in the modern sense, but anagrams, classical allusions, incomplete quotations, and other references and wordplay. noted cryptic setter derrick somerset macnutt (who wrote cryptics under the pseudonym of ximenes) discusses the importance and art of fair cluemanship in his seminal book on cryptic crosswords, ximenes on the art of the crossword (1966, reprinted 2001). cryptic crossword is a crossword puzzle in which each clue is a word puzzle in and of itself. unlike typical american crosswords, in which every square is almost always checked (that is, each square provides a letter for both an across and a down answer), only about half of the squares in a cryptic crossword are checked. this is in contrast to non-cryptic crossword clues which often have several possible answers and force the solver to use the crossing letters to distinguish which was intended. 'hetman', a senior commander, and also the name for a queen in chess, emphasises their importance over other crosswords.

10 Tips for Solving Crossword Puzzles

this crossword is usually topical, and contains material varying from risqué to rude, in clues, answers and the solver's head; much of the rudeness is by innuendo. the crossword has a regular following, and while the hindu publishes the solutions on the following day, the annotated solution is put up on the same day at the website 'the hindu crossword corner' by a group of solvers on the same day. first setter of the monday-saturday cryptic crosswords was retired admiral ram dass katari of the indian navy,[20] who took up the task in 1971 at the request of gopalan kasturi, then editor of the hindu. "the grounded expertise components approach in the novel area of cryptic crossword solving.'s successor at the observer was ximenes (derrick somerset macnutt, 1902–1971), and in his influential work, ximenes on the art of the crossword puzzle (1966), he set out more detailed guidelines for setting fair cryptic clues, now known as "ximenean principles" and sometimes described by the word "square-dealing". crosswords in the times and daily telegraph are published anonymously, so the crossword editor ensures that clues adhere to a consistent house style. most daily newspaper cryptic crosswords, grid designs are restricted to a set of stock grids.^ "remembering admiral katari, the first crossword setter of the hindu". the character inspector morse created by colin dexter is fond of solving cryptic crosswords, and the crosswords often become part of the mystery.

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canadian newspapers, including the ottawa citizen, toronto star and the globe and mail, carry cryptic crosswords. everatt, individual differences in reading skill and lexical memory: the case of the crossword puzzle expert, in practical aspects of memory: current research and issues, m. the authors suggest that cryptic crossword skill is bound up with code-cracking and problem-solving skills of a logical and quasi-algebraic nature. sunday times cryptic crossword is compiled in rotation by three setters: jeff pearce, dean mayer and david mclean, the latter taking over from tim moorey in january 2016.’s all the fun of crosswords without needing a newspaper, pen and eraser. the £100 prize for the first correct solution opened is unusually high for a crossword and attracts many entrants. "expert performance in solving word puzzles: from retrieval cues to crossword clues. of the major national newspapers in the uk carry both cryptic and concise (quick) crosswords. the best part of solving a good crossword puzzle is coming away with more than you started with.

Cryptic crossword - Wikipedia

crosswords were gradually taken up by other newspapers, appearing in the daily telegraph from 1925, the manchester guardian from 1929 and the times from 1930. this is also where a lot of crosswordese crops up. the national has a daily cryptic crossword after a request from readers to include one. joint publication between the american statistical association and the royal statistical society contains a cryptic crossword in its puzzle section. all the fun of crosswords without the newspaper ink on AARP.: crosswordshidden categories: pages with citations lacking titlespages with citations having bare urlscs1 maint: multiple names: authors listall articles with dead external linksarticles with dead external links from november 2012pages using isbn magic linksuse dmy dates from june 2014articles needing additional references from february 2007all articles needing additional referencesall articles with unsourced statementsarticles with unsourced statements from march 2009articles with unsourced statements from june 2012. september 2008 the telegraph started printing a 'toughie' crossword as well as the daily puzzle, from tuesday to friday. the better technique is to simply attempt as many different crosswords as possible, perhaps to find a "comfort zone" but, more importantly, to experience the widest possible range of ximenean/libertarian styles. crossword puzzles come in two main types: the basic cryptic in which each clue answer is entered into the diagram normally, and the advanced or "variety" cryptic, in which some or all of the answers must be altered before entering, usually in accordance with a hidden pattern or rule which must be discovered by the solver.

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many libertarian crossword editors would, however, accept "reach first" as it would be considered to reasonably get the idea across. a crossword by araucaria, "araucaria is" coded for iam (= "i am") as part of an answer. is effectively impossible, then, to describe one newspaper's crosswords as the toughest or easiest. most australian newspapers will have at least one cryptic crossword, if not two. weekend edition features a cryptic crossword by "kropotkin" (rex benson) in addition to syndicated crosswords from the uk and australia."in the month preceding the present," 1610s, common in abbreviated form ult. hindu newspaper carries cryptic crosswords in the main paper from monday to saturday, and a much tougher sunday crossword in the sunday magazine supplement. cryptic crosswords: from the new yorker edited by fraser simpson (sterling publishing 2001). the sydney morning herald and melbourne's the age carry daily cryptic crosswords, including friday's challenging cryptic by 'da', composed by david astle.

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october 2007, the bugle—a timesonline podcast by john oliver and andy zaltzman—introduced the first, revolutionary "audio cryptic crossword. the most part, cryptic crosswords are an english-language phenomenon, although similar puzzles are popular in a hebrew form in israel (where they are called tashbetsey higayon (תשבצי הגיון) "logic crosswords")[8] and (as cryptogrammen) in dutch. cryptic crosswords are particularly popular in the united kingdom, where they originated,[1] ireland, israel, the netherlands, and in several commonwealth nations, including australia, canada, india, kenya, malta, new zealand, and south africa. the weekday crosswords are set by setters with the pseudonyms gridman, arden, incognito, afterdark, buzzer, neyartha, scintillator, xchequer, lightning, sunnet, spinner, aspartame and mac, among others. first newspaper crosswords appeared in the sunday and daily express from about 1924. type of abbreviation in clues might be words that refer to letters. the crossword also comes with another set of "quick clues" (american-style) which provide a completely different set of answers. the crosswords are often themed and may contain a nina: a hidden feature. cryptic crossword on the back page of the daily telegraph on 14 march 2012 included the answer analysis, whose clue was "close study of broken nails, say (8)": "say" in cryptic crossword clues normally means "a word pronounced the same as" or "for example", but here it is part of an anagram.

the new york post reprints cryptic crosswords from the times. in the united states, cryptics are sometimes known as "british-style" crosswords. the definition, which usually exactly matches the part of speech, tense, and number of the answer, is in essence the same as any 'straight' crossword clue, a synonym for the answer. "compiler", or the name or codename of the compiler (if visible by the crossword), codes for some form of the pronoun "i, me, my, mine". india the telugu publication sakshi carries a "tenglish" (telugu-english, bilingual) cryptic crossword;[9] the prajavani crossword (kannada) also employs cryptic wordplay. the crossword editor is phil mcneill, who took over from kate fassett in early 2009. bell was the first to set the times crossword from 1930[16] and was one of those responsible for establishing its distinctive cryptic style. july 2006 "puzzlecraft" section in games magazine on cryptic crossword construction noted that for cryptic crosswords to be readily solvable, no fewer than half the letters for every word should be checked by another word for a standard cryptic crossword, while nearly every letter should be checked for a variety cryptic crossword. independent is a relative newcomer but is generally regarded as a source of some of the most innovative crosswords.

most cryptic crosswords provide the number of letters in the answer, or in the case of phrases, a series of numbers to denote the letters in each word: "cryptic crossword" would be clued with "(7,9)" following the clue. the crossword setters do their best to stick to these rules when writing their clues, and solvers can use these rules and conventions to help them solve the clues. crosswords often appear in british literature, and are particularly popular in murder mysteries, where they are part of the puzzle. the daily puzzle is edited by eimi (mike hutchinson) and the fiendish inquisitor puzzle is edited by john henderson whose predecessor was the late former times crossword editor mike laws. in finnish, this type of crossword puzzle is known as piilosana (literally "hidden word"), while krypto refers to a crossword puzzle where the letters have been coded as numbers. it's helpful to commit to memory many of the repetitive words, especially the crosswordese, that appear in crossword puzzles. to solve cryptic crosswords from puzzazz (american style, some british info). the nation’s cryptic crosswords (american style, with some notes specific to the nation). the last of crozier's crosswords was published in the irish times on 22 october 2011.

minor exception: simple abbreviations may be used to spice up the process; e.[37] among non-crime writers, crosswords often feature in the works of p. colin dexter himself set crosswords for the oxford times for many years and was a national crossword champion. basic principle of fairness was set out by listener setter afrit (alistair ferguson ritchie) in his book armchair crosswords (1946), wherein he credits it to the fictional book of the crossword:We must expect the composer to play tricks, but we shall insist that he play fair. crossword puzzle solutions and statisticsA good crossword puzzle solver doesn't necessarily know all the answers but what she/he does know are the following tips and tricks. learning these, or being able to spot them, is a useful and necessary part of becoming a skilled cryptic crossword solver. typical cryptic crossword grid is generally 15×15, with half-turn rotational symmetry. compilers of the guardian's cryptic crosswords include araucaria, enigmatist, pasquale, paul (john halpern again), rufus, and the late bob smithies (bunthorne). studies by friedlander and fine, based on a large-scale survey of 805 solvers of all ability (mainly uk-based), suggest that cryptic crossword solvers are generally highly academically able adults whose education and occupations lie predominantly in the area of scientific, mathematical or it-related fields.

Crossword puzzle answers: August 15, 2016

)" = sta or indirectly with an abbreviated word as part of the clue, "rr stop" = sta. another example:Would give the answer veto; in the cryptic sense, spoil works as an anagram indicator for vote, while the whole clue is, with a certain amount of licence allowed to crossword setters, a definition.(esp abbreviated in formal correspondence) in or during the previous month: a letter of the 7th ultimo, ult. abbreviations may be as simple as 'west' = w, 'new york' = ny, but may also be more difficult. the sunday crossword is a syndicated crossword from the uk newspaper the observer. there are other differences like nounal anagram indicators and in current times crosswords, unindicated definition by example: "bay" in the clue indicating horse in the answer, without a qualification like "bay, perhaps". it's almost certainly the oldest kind of cryptic clue: cryptic definitions appeared in the uk newspaper puzzles in the late 1920s and early 1930s that mixed cryptic and plain definition clues and evolved into fully cryptic crosswords. (the times was a relatively late adopter: the telegraph crossword started in 1925, and the guardian in 1929. multiple word answers are now common in crossword puzzles and gone are the days when they were noted in the clue.

so many places of inflexibility mean there's bound to be crossword glue required. the australian puzzle publishers "lovatts" regularly puts out cryptic crossword puzzle books. torquemada (edward powys mathers), who set for the saturday westminster from 1925 and for the observer from 1926 until his death in 1939, was the first setter to use cryptic clues exclusively and is often credited as the inventor of the cryptic crossword. type of clue is common in british and canadian cryptics but is a bit less common in american cryptics; in american-style crosswords, a clue like this is generally called a punny clue. the observer also features a standard cryptic crossword, the everyman, compiled by allan scott. some of the time that this magazine was edited by tina brown (1997–1999), it included a small (8×10) barred-grid cryptic crossword, set by a range of american and canadian setters. (uk: "advanced") cryptic crosswords typically use a "barred grid" with no black squares and a slightly smaller size; 12×12 is typical.[11] since 1994, enigmista ennio peres has challenged italians annually with il cruciverba più difficile del mondo (the world's most difficult crossword), which has many features in common with english-style cryptics. are popular with crossword compilers for cluing individual letters or short sections of the answer.