Dating owens illinois glass bottles

The Bewildering Array of Owens-Illinois Glass Co. Logos and Codes

Dating owens illinois glass bottles

if we could find enough bottles with both types of marks from 1954 through 1958, it would be interesting to see which factories changed at which times. the trade mark is an i inside an oval (or an “o” for owens) superimposed on an elongated diamond (the traditional mark of the illinois glass co. however, the owens scar may be raised above the surface of the bottle. this idea appears to have been conceived in conjunction with machinemade bottles. to the owens-illinois glass company website, the founder of the company was michael j. coca-cola and pepsi-cola didn't always adhere to the owens-illinois policies, and often had their dates on the heel, and not the bottom, of the glass. the number 17 is for a plant in clarion, pennsylvania which has been in operation since 1932 and is still presently producing bottles.” giarde’s ideas set me looking through my soda bottles, and i discovered the older diamond-oval-i marks. usually, the symbols are a logo for a company, and the numbers a code for where and when the particular glass item was produced. currently the company is the largest manufacturer of glass containers in north america, south america, asia-pacific, and europe, with 79 plants in 21 countries. other numbers, such as the 7 in exhibit c, are specific to the production plant, and letters, such as the a in exhibit e, usually stand for the glass model (e. with this hub, i am going to focus on the methods used by the owens-illinois (o-i) company, and show you how to date your glass finds using the symbols and numbers indicative of the o-i company. (sorry i don't have better pictures, the glass is quite old and had been in the water for quite some time. this consists of a two-digit mold code followed by a manufacturer’s mark (in the case of owens-illinois, the earliest mark with the elongated diamond) and the twodigit date code (to the right) all embossed on the narrowest constriction of the “skirt” or lower half of the bottle.

Owens-Illinois Glass Company

Dating owens illinois glass

, i know from the use of the symbol on the glass that both pieces pre-date the mid-1950s, but is there a way to narrow that down? (society for historical archaeology) however, what we do know is that pepsi and coke now come in plastic bottles or aluminum cans. miller and jorgensen provided a thorough understanding of the marks from dominion glass co. in addition, pepsi-cola and coca-cola required a slightly different date coding, and date codes were either eliminated or abbreviated on some smaller bottles. i noticed an interesting pattern in the owens-illinois bases that did not fit the description from toulouse’s bottle makers and their marks. 2 years ago from earthif the glass is from 1934 then the i may have faded away over time, especially if you found it in the ocean. on many owens-illinois bottles, it is fairly easy with minor magnification to discern tooling marks where the old date code was peened flat and a new one imprinted into the mold to appear as an embossed date. the new company adopted a logo and began marking its bottles with the plant code (left of the logo) and the year code (to the right) immediately. you are an avid beach glass collector, or a collector of glass bottles, jars, cups, etc, you may have noticed an odd symbol and/or numbers on your find and didn't know what they meant. 2 years ago from earthif the glass is from 1934 then the i may have faded away over time, especially if you found it in the ocean. a letter from toulouse to may jones, published in volume 5 of the bottle trail (1965), was the first to identify (at least in print) the relationships between the owens-illinois mark and the numbers surrounding it. as a result of the machine's success, and with the accumulation of a series of smaller companies, the owens bottle co (1911-1929) grew into a prominent business. however, i have found few exceptions to the period rule on returnable bottles. these were probably not placed on the containers at the behest of the purchaser (the actual bottler) but reflect the needs of the glass house.

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Dating owens illinois bottles

of the owens-illinois glass companyif that was the end of it, this would be a pretty lame blog post, but as it stands i am a fairly curious person and couldn't help digging a little deeper. usually, the symbols are a logo for a company, and the numbers a code for where and when the particular glass item was produced. empirical methods, giarde (1980:80), discovered that the “diamond and circle mark appears on milk bottles through 1956 with the new circle mark appearing on 1957 milk bottles. while looking at the amber beer bases from the el paso excavation, i noticed an interesting change in bottles marked with a zero (0). you are an avid beach or sea glass collector, or glass bottle collector, this is a tutorial on how to date glass made by the Owens-Illinois company.) i will never know exactly what year the previous glass was manufactured, but while digging i discovered that i owned pieces, that with a lot of persistence, could be dated to a specific year. a: glass found on the creek from the owens-illinois glass co. as the glass was sucked into the mold, it was sheared of by a “knife. you are an avid beach or sea glass collector, or glass bottle collector, this is a tutorial on how to date glass made by the Owens-Illinois company. two different bottles bearing the i-in-an-ovalsuperimposed- on-an-elongated-diamond manufacturer’s mark bear a “19” in the space to the left of the logo. billy grice offered a yellow-only squirt bottle on ebay with a 1945 owens-illinois mark and date code embossed on the base. owens, who invented the automatic bottle-making machine around the turn of the 19th century., we find that the owens-illinois coding system is a bit more complex and revealing than we originally thought. occasionally (especially on whiskey bottles), the code to the right of the logo does not make sense as a date code and should be ignored. How to make a good online dating profile for guys 

Dating owens glass bottles

the firm expanded until the merger with owens (see lockhart et al.) though this process is still in use today, the word duraglas was embossed on bottles only between 1940 and the mid-1950s (lindsey, b). (1903-1911) that made and sold the owens automatic bottle machine and the northwestern ohio bottle co. interesting exception to the usual markings is the date (and plant) codes on the bases of coca-cola and pepsi-cola bottles. owens-illinois registered the script version of the mark (#390,467) on september 23, 1941, claiming first use on september 4, 1940. this is especially true of smaller bottles, but the phenomenon also occurs on fairly large containers. therefore the piece of glass i found was manufactured using this process somewhere in that time frame., the largest glass manufacturer on the west coast on november 30 of the same year. the glass group to which i belong has successfully matched numerous codes found on bottles with illustrations in the whitall tatum and illinois glass co. apparently, on small (but not tiny) bottles, the company reverted to a single-digit date code to save space. an appropriate logotype would be added to identify the glass company which produced the bottle. the abbreviated date code was apparently pretty common on small bottles. owens-illinois may have only experienced the shortage for the final year or so of the war. if that is the case, this piece of glass may be our exception to the rule and the 7 to the right of the symbol may not be a year code at all.

How to Date Owens-Illinois Glass | hubpages

by comparing it to the 1963 glass, exhibit e is more weathered. owens, who invented the automatic bottle-making machine around the turn of the 19th century. because prohibition was not lifted until 1933, this meant that bottles marked with a zero were probably from 1940. if it is a year code, the thickness of the glass and the lack of a period after the 9 suggests a manufacturing date of 1939. (lindsey, b) there is one factor, though, we have yet to consider: the thickness of the glass. at some point in 1940, someone in the owens illinois glass co. this mark was used by the owens-illinois pacific coast co. i am by no means an expert on the numbers, nor am i an expert on how to date glass using the numbers, but i have done a lot of research on the subject, and i am relaying the information i have acquired along my internet travels. therefore on contact with metal, the surface of the glass will cool quickly but the mass of glass behind it will not, leaving a temperature differential in the glass setting up stresses which may cause microscopic cracks to appear that may weaken the glass. most of the artifacts were fragmentary and consisted of amber beer bottle glass. tested the “month code hypothesis” with the few bottles i had handy. according to paquette (1994:45), the owens scars appeared on the earliest bottles, made in 1904 and 1905 and continued until the final two machines, “aq” models, were phased out of the gas city, indiana, plant on december 17, 1982. used logos to identify their products prior to the merger that created owens-illinois in 1929. jorgensen 1986 some notes on bottle mould numbers from the dominion glass company and its predecessors.

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Owens-Illinois Plant Numbers and Dates

prior to pepsi’s adaptation of applied color label bottles (often called painted-label bottles or pyroglazing, in the case of milk bottles), the company did not require any special coding, so all early bottles are marked just like any other bottle from the respective glass companies. 1944-1945 (world war ii) owens-illinois seems to have run short of red pigment. along with specifics about dating, he included a section on the lightweight milk bottles (invented by julian harrison toulouse), tables about the dates on the lightweight bottles, discussions about each individual plant, and a section on coffee creamers. over time, the feathering decreases until most owens scars consist of only a single line. however, beginning with the first acl fountain syrup bottle in 1943, all pepsi bottles followed a specific format. these were used at least as early as 1821 by henry ricketts on his now well-known style of mold that included what was probably the first plate mold (often called slug plates – although the industry term was “plates”) on the base of his bottles. duraglas was the name given to a process used by the owens-illinois glass company, “where the surface of the hot, just produced bottles, were sprayed on the body, shoulder, and neck (not base or the top of the finish) with a stannic chloride (tin (iv) chloride) vapor that allowed the tin to bond to the outer surface providing scratch resistance and durability to the bottles. however, many of the bottles had a zero followed by a period. in some cases these codes identify the individual plants that produced the bottles. coca-cola and pepsi-cola didn't always adhere to the owens-illinois policies, and often had their dates on the heel, and not the bottom, of the glass. virtually all glass houses making coke bottles had changed to “skirt” markings by 1934 (see below). in very small bottles, owens- illinois often left off the date, plant, and mold codes completely; only the logo remained. the toledo company was succeeded by both the owens bottle machine co. giarde is by far the best reference for manufacturer’s marks on milk bottles.

The Dating Game

the oval i mark continued in use after the 1988 name change to owens-brockway and is still used in 2005 (powell 1990; emhart 1996:49; 2005). in 1929, the firm merged with one of its major competitors, the illinois glass co. from what i have researched, the company didn't start embossing glasses with the word 'duraglas' until the 1940s? though the owens-illinois engravers changed the date code each year, they did not create a new baseplate each time. the 7 to the right of the owens-illinois mark is a date code for 1937 (the final year the plant was open), so the mold had laid in storage at least seven years prior to its reuse., the a to the right of the 7 tells me that this piece of glass has a high probability of either once being a coca-cola bottle or a pepsi-cola bottle. as a conservation measure during the war, the amount of glass used for many bottle types was reduced. from what i have researched, the company didn't start embossing glasses with the word 'duraglas' until the 1940s? however, without having more of the glass, i am unable to narrow that down to a specific year. for a good survey of manufacturer’s marks, date codes, and other information associated with coke bottles, see the coke bottle checklist (1996) by bill porter. the name of the west coast operation was changed to the owens-illinois pacific coast co. toulouse provided a table on page 395 (table 1) that identified all the owens-illinois plant codes. in a table provided to david whitten by a representative from owens-illinois, however, factory #19 is listed as being in crenshaw, pennsylvania. also, pepsi and cola were known for not exactly following the owens-illinois companies rules and standards when it came to dating and stamping their glass bottles.

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Dating Owens Glass Bottles - West Virginia Association of Museums

each glass making company has their own method of labeling their products. bottles made in 1943-1946 may contain either single-digit numerals followed by periods or doubledigit markings, such as a 4. on march 25, 1931, the firm was incorporated in california as the owens-illinois glass co. miller, bill lindsey, carol serr, and david whitten 2005b “the dating game: illinois pacific – a division of the illinois glass co., the a to the right of the 7 tells me that this piece of glass has a high probability of either once being a coca-cola bottle or a pepsi-cola bottle. according to wikipedia, approximately one out of every two glass containers made worldwide is made by o-i, its affiliates, or its licenses. if it is a year code, the thickness of the glass and the lack of a period after the 9 suggests a manufacturing date of 1939. (sorry i don't have better pictures, the glass is quite old and had been in the water for quite some time. (society for historical archaeology) however, what we do know is that pepsi and coke now come in plastic bottles or aluminum cans. creswick (1987:107-108) lists several jars made by owens-illinois and its pacific coast subsidiaries. i am by no means an expert on the numbers, nor am i an expert on how to date glass using the numbers, but i have done a lot of research on the subject, and i am relaying the information i have acquired along my internet travels.-illinois changed to a new variation of its manufacturer’s mark during the mid-1950s. looking at el paso soda bottles, it appears that plants 9 and 6 were the most active in making soda bottles with the older logo (1929-1959) (although soda bottles were also made at plants 3, 18, 19, and 23). first led me down this path of discovery was a small piece of glass i found washed up on my local creek with the word duraglas embossed on it (exhibit a).

Owens-Illinois Glass Company | Trademarks & Manufacturers Dating before my divorce is final

The Dating Game

david also has several more small bottles with the oi logo and a single-digit date code. these scars are caused by the suction process of drawing the glass into the mold, a technique that is unique to bottles made by the owens machine (on bottles made in the u. these are often described as “feathered” or “rough,” but that does not accurately describe all owens scars. at this point, i have not seen date codes embossed on any blown-inmold bottles (with the possible exception of hutchinson bottles made by the illinois glass co. merged into existence, the company began utilizing a new symbol to mark their products for identification purposes of recycled bottles, and for various other reasons. later bottles from the owens company, for example, the scars consist of a roughly circular fine line. (1911-1929) grew from a series of companies that began with the toledo glass co. have seen no comparable work on pepsi bottles, so i include my observations here (although stoddard’s most recent book [2003] contains much helpful dating and historical information).” however, those numbers appear (with highly legible embossing) on el paso soda bottles. making a connection with owens- illinois, a few generalizations about manufacturer’s marks on coca-cola bottles need to be examined., bill2000 bottles on the border: the history and bottles of the soft drink industry in el paso, texas, 1881-2000. owens-illinois mark on coke bottles changed to the oval-i mark about 1954 (when it changed on other bottles – see above). some owens-illinois-made coke bottles actually used the standard owens- illinois format (e. plants 5, 7, 9, 15, and 20 made soda bottles with the newer logo (after 1955).

Guide to dating a white man, the general rule when dating glass with the o-i symbol is the number to the left of the symbol is the plant code, and to the right of the symbol lies the date code. until 1934, the bottles made by owens- illinois maintained the standard owens- illinois marking system (e. toulouse (1971:406) later explained in more detail that the owens-illinois manufacturer’s mark also contained additional information in the form of company, date, and mold codes. according to the glasspac web page (2004):During the manufacture of a glass container there is a point at which the almost red hot bottle is lowered on to a relatively cool conveyor. reardon] said, “the secretary had the idea that the government needed to know that bottles would not be refilled and would be tamper-proof. first led me down this path of discovery was a small piece of glass i found washed up on my local creek with the word duraglas embossed on it (exhibit a). owens-illinois continued the singledigit numeral/period system until 1946, although the company began integrating a two-digit system as early as 1943, but the 43 date code is rare. the automatic bottle-making machine revolutionized the industry, and became the foundation of today’s glassmaking industry. the general rule when dating glass with the o-i symbol is the number to the left of the symbol is the plant code, and to the right of the symbol lies the date code.-1950's - presentin the mid-50’s, the owens-illinois glass co.) though this process is still in use today, the word duraglas was embossed on bottles only between 1940 and the mid-1950s (lindsey, b). observation revealed that the combination of one-digit numbers and periods were to be found on soda and milk bottles as well.-1950's - presentin the mid-50’s, the owens-illinois glass co. the two major soft drink companies (coke and pepsi) have both required bottle makers to adhere to specific requirements in marking their respective bottles. Guide to writing an online dating profile - the final mark-related change on coke bottles occurred by at least 1953 (probably in 1951), when owens-illinois began placing a smaller single letter above the manufacturer’s mark to identify the plant making the bottle., olive, and catherine sullivan 1989 the parks canada glass glossary for the description of containers, tableware, flat glass, and closures. what i discovered was a more refined way to date owens-illinois bottles from the 1940-1946 period with information provided by their marks. duraglas was the name given to a process used by the owens-illinois glass company, “where the surface of the hot, just produced bottles, were sprayed on the body, shoulder, and neck (not base or the top of the finish) with a stannic chloride (tin (iv) chloride) vapor that allowed the tin to bond to the outer surface providing scratch resistance and durability to the bottles. as a conservation measure during the war, the amount of glass used for many bottle types was reduced. few years back, i was asked to conduct the analysis of a fairly large assemblage of amber bottle glass that was excavated by the university of texas at el paso. to the owens-illinois glass company website, the founder of the company was michael j. scars, found on the bases of all bottles made by an owens automatic bottle machine, are discussed in numerous publications (e.. bottles with defects can be used to identify the defective moulds that produced them. the number 17 is for a plant in clarion, pennsylvania which has been in operation since 1932 and is still presently producing bottles. if that is the case, this piece of glass may be our exception to the rule and the 7 to the right of the symbol may not be a year code at all. brought under the owens umbrella the “largest individual bottle plant in the world” (paquette 1994:71). merged into existence, the company began utilizing a new symbol to mark their products for identification purposes of recycled bottles, and for various other reasons. (lindsey, b) there is one factor, though, we have yet to consider: the thickness of the glass..

the dot system was used on returnable bottles from 1940 to at least 1946. began with the merger of two of the industry’s giants: the illinois glass co.-illinois also used the older mark (with the diamond) in three slightly different variations. the automatic bottle-making machine revolutionized the industry, and became the foundation of today’s glassmaking industry. although many bottles from the early 1930s include the bottom number, a large segment of them do not. codes are cryptic marks embossed on the heels or bases of bottles., i know from the use of the symbol on the glass that both pieces pre-date the mid-1950s, but is there a way to narrow that down? although i will use the owens-illinois marks as examples, the same basic format applies to other companies as well (although the earliest bottles followed the older formats). articlesowens-illinois glass companyexhibiting archaelogyquick linkssha resources on abandoned burial groundshistorical archaeology journal and springersha 2017 election resultssupport our for the 50th anniversary campaignunderwater archeologyhistoric bottle identification. a: glass found on the creek from the owens-illinois glass co. this concerned a slight difference in the owens- illinois logo during the 1930s. however, without having more of the glass, i am unable to narrow that down to a specific year. you can't really tell from the picture, but the green glass in exhibit c is quite thick, thicker than anything we would see today, which leads me to believe that the glass was indeed manufactured in 1939, and has been sitting in the creek ever since, waiting for me to find it. a slight aside, giarde (1980:77-94) devoted 17 pages to discussion about the owens-illinois glass co.

according to wikipedia, approximately one out of every two glass containers made worldwide is made by o-i, its affiliates, or its licenses. an appropriate logotype or symbol would be added to identify the glass company which produced the bottle. factories and marks included a (alton, illinois); b (bridgeton, new jersey); c (charlotte, michigan); f (fairmount, west virginia); s (streator, illinois); and w (waco, texas) (porter 1996:4). other numbers, such as the 7 in exhibit c, are specific to the production plant, and letters, such as the a in exhibit e, usually stand for the glass model (e. although planning for the change had begun a year earlier, 1954 was the year that owens-illinois glass co. that set me on a quest to look at as many owens-illinois bottles as i could find (mostly beer, soda, and milk) to see if the pattern occurred regularly. he sent information on several pharmaceutical bottles with oi logos and dated paper labels, one of which had the oi logo (no diamond) but only had a single-digit date code. you are an avid beach glass collector, or a collector of glass bottles, jars, cups, etc, you may have noticed an odd symbol and/or numbers on your find and didn't know what they meant. as a result of the machine's success, and with the accumulation of a series of smaller companies, the owens bottle co (1911-1929) grew into a prominent business., bill, bill lindsey, david whitten, and carol serr 2005a “the dating game: the illinois glass company. “exploring the chronology of soft drink bottles from el paso, texas, part 2: embossed, machine-made bottles from el paso’s three largest bottlers. the newly renamed organization purchased the illinois pacific coast co. lockhart (2000; 2003:34-37) consolidated known data on dating the characteristics of coca-cola bottles. according to paquette (1994:81) owens-illinois introduced applied color lettering (acl) in 1931, although other sources place the date of the practical application at 1934.  Green bay packer fan dating site- usually, this line is debossed or sunken into the glass (unlike embossing and most mold lines which protrude from the glass surface). each glass making company has their own method of labeling their products. these changes occurred about mid-year, so coke bottles are found with both configurations. subsequent evidence suggests that jars and bottles bearing the full name of the company were manufactured for export. this research confirms toulouse’s date of 1940 for the use of the duraglas mark and also sets a date (1940) for the use of stippling on bottle bases by owens-illinois. to remove all doubts, the factory code 21 is for one of the two san francisco (former illinois pacific) plants. of the owens-illinois glass companyif that was the end of it, this would be a pretty lame blog post, but as it stands i am a fairly curious person and couldn't help digging a little deeper. you can't really tell from the picture, but the green glass in exhibit c is quite thick, thicker than anything we would see today, which leads me to believe that the glass was indeed manufactured in 1939, and has been sitting in the creek ever since, waiting for me to find it. in other cases, we have been able to match numerical codes on numerous identical bottles to empirically define codes by certain companies (e. are at least three different types of marks embossed on returnable bottles by the manufacturer. therefore the piece of glass i found was manufactured using this process somewhere in that time frame. if too many bottles fail qc, they know where to look. in some cases, especially on smaller bottles, the “i” is reduced to a dot. leavitt added, “at least some of the dot coding on the bases of modern bottles is for q c [quality control], to identify the cavity on a machine that produced a specific bottle.