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type of abbreviation in clues might be words that refer to letters. october 2007, the bugle—a timesonline podcast by john oliver and andy zaltzman—introduced the first, revolutionary "audio cryptic crossword. on the first sunday of every month and at christmas, azed runs a clue-writing competition, via which many of today's top compilers have learnt their trade. example if your answer is 5 letters long and has a c as the 3rd letter you would select c from the dropdown under the number 3. the clue appears to say one thing, but with a slight shift of viewpoint it says another. type of clue is common in british and canadian cryptics but is a bit less common in american cryptics; in american-style crosswords, a clue like this is generally called a punny clue. easier puzzles often have more relaxed standards, permitting a wider array of clue types, and allowing a little flexibility. other musings on changed cluing: as submitted, peña nieto was clued as [obama's mexican counterpart], which was true back in may of 2016 when the puzzle was written (how time flies! rwh had been providing a mixed (some cryptic clues) puzzle since 1940. compilers of cryptic crosswords are commonly called "setters" in the uk.'s successor at the observer was ximenes (derrick somerset macnutt, 1902–1971), and in his influential work, ximenes on the art of the crossword puzzle (1966), he set out more detailed guidelines for setting fair cryptic clues, now known as "ximenean principles" and sometimes described by the word "square-dealing". clue styles across newspapers are ostensibly similar, but there are technical differences which result in the work of setters being regarded as either ximenean or libertarian (and often a combination of both). a complication is that "damaged" often (but not in this clue) means "rearrange the letters". notice the question mark: this is often (though by no means always) used by compilers to indicate this sort of clue is one where you need to interpret the words in a different fashion. the crosswords are often themed and may contain a nina: a hidden feature. the early 1970s the satirical magazine private eye had a crossword set by the labour mp tom driberg, under the pseudonym of "tiresias" (supposedly "a distinguished academic churchman"). i thought — let's make a crossword where the word año is written properly! a cryptic crossword in the saturday edition in the puzzles section from the sunday times. in the united states, cryptics are sometimes known as "british-style" crosswords. guardian is perhaps the most libertarian of cryptic crosswords, while the times is mostly ximenean. more advanced puzzles may drop this portion of the clue. the answer is thus coo, which is an "exclamation of surprise" with c coming from "circa", clued by "about". in contrast to all other clue types, this makes them almost impossible to disguise. example of a spoonerism clue is:He will casually put down spooner's angry bear (9). john henderson (enigmatist in the guardian) once clued for the spoonerism "light crick" from "right click", which didn't sit well with many solvers.
Wednesday, April 5, 2017 crossword by Alex Eaton-Salners
cryptic crossword on the back page of the daily telegraph on 14 march 2012 included the answer analysis, whose clue was "close study of broken nails, say (8)": "say" in cryptic crossword clues normally means "a word pronounced the same as" or "for example", but here it is part of an anagram. everatt, individual differences in reading skill and lexical memory: the case of the crossword puzzle expert, in practical aspects of memory: current research and issues, m. in this clue:Exclamation of surprise about spectacles, from the top (3). the crossword setters do their best to stick to these rules when writing their clues, and solvers can use these rules and conventions to help them solve the clues. one of the tasks of the solver is to find the boundary between definition and wordplay and insert a mental pause there when reading the clue cryptically. crossword puzzles come in two main types: the basic cryptic in which each clue answer is entered into the diagram normally, and the advanced or "variety" cryptic, in which some or all of the answers must be altered before entering, usually in accordance with a hidden pattern or rule which must be discovered by the solver. among non-crime writers, crosswords often feature in the works of p. are popular with crossword compilers for cluing individual letters or short sections of the answer. are many ways in which constructors can clue a part of a clue. a clue for instance:For example, why didn't you put the country? example of a clue which cannot logically be taken the right way:Here the composer intends the answer to be "derby", with "hat" the definition, "could be" the anagram indicator, and "be dry" the anagram fodder. the popular guardian setter araucaria (john galbraith graham, 1921–2013) was a noted non-ximenean, celebrated for his witty, if occasionally unorthodox, clues. the observer also features a standard cryptic crossword, the everyman, compiled by allan scott. american double definitions tend to require both parts to come from different roots, as in this clue:Eastern european buff (6). first setter of the monday-saturday cryptic crosswords was retired admiral ram dass katari of the indian navy, who took up the task in 1971 at the request of gopalan kasturi, then editor of the hindu. this example, the clue uses a combination of reversal and hidden clue types:Cruel to turn part of internet torrid (6). hindu newspaper carries cryptic crosswords in the main paper from monday to saturday, and a much tougher sunday crossword in the sunday magazine supplement. watch out for flower or shower used to clue something that flows or shows. the impetus for its construction was the infelicity of having to enter the word año in crosswords as ano (for those not in the know the word ano has a less-than-savory meaning in spanish). they are easily spotted in the clue list so go through these first. eaton-salners notes: this is my second crossword published in the nyt though it was actually the first one accepted. this is a collaboration of two setters, one of whom has a minor role in supplying some pre-written clues. (the times was a relatively late adopter: the telegraph crossword started in 1925, and the guardian in 1929. until her retirement in december 2010, barbara hall was puzzles editor for 32 years, and wrote about half the paper's cryptic crosswords. with this example, the words appear in the same order in the clue as they do in the answer, and no special words are needed to indicate this.
10 Tips for Solving Crossword Puzzles
if a guessed word contains an uncommon letter such as j or k, check the crossing entries for those letters first. weeks in every 18, the 'variety puzzle' in the sunday edition is a cryptic crossword, usually by emily cox and henry rathvon, richard silvestri, or fraser simpson. in most uk "advanced cryptics" ('variety cryptic'), at least three-quarters of the letters in each word are checked. is the anagram indicator; honeydew clues melon, which is to be anagrammed; and fruit is the definition for the answer, lemon. "expert performance in solving word puzzles: from retrieval cues to crossword clues. in these variety puzzles, one or more clues may require modification to fit into the grid, such as dropping or adding a letter, or being anagrammed to fit other, unmodified clues; unclued spaces may spell out a secret message appropriate for the puzzle theme once the puzzle is fully solved. the answer appears in the clue but is contained within one or more words, it is hidden. but "be" is doing double duty, and this means that any attempt to read the clue cryptically in the form "[definition] [anagram indicator] [fodder]" fails: if "be" is part of the anagram indicator, then the fodder is too short, but if it is part of the fodder, there is no anagram indicator; to be a correct clue it would have to be "hat could be be dry (5)", which is ungrammatical. independent is a relative newcomer but is generally regarded as a source of some of the most innovative crosswords. it usually appears at the start or the end of a clue. the book of the crossword lays this injunction upon him: "you need not mean what you say, but you must say what you mean. it's helpful to commit to memory many of the repetitive words, especially the crosswordese, that appear in crossword puzzles. finally, i'm not completely on board with the new clue for woot (to me its meaning is more hooray or yippee than wow). for instance, a clue following ximenian rules for beer (bee + r) may look as such:Stinger first to reach drink (4). in american cryptics, a clue is only allowed to have one subsidiary indication, but in british cryptics the occasional clue may have more than one; e. typical cryptic crossword grid is generally 15×15, with half-turn rotational symmetry. is effectively impossible, then, to describe one newspaper's crosswords as the toughest or easiest. there are other differences like nounal anagram indicators and in current times crosswords, unindicated definition by example: "bay" in the clue indicating horse in the answer, without a qualification like "bay, perhaps". 'hetman', a senior commander, and also the name for a queen in chess, emphasises their importance over other crosswords." but, i heard from a constructor friend that will pointed out lt dan in one of his puzzles as an undesirable dab of crossword glue. multiple word answers are now common in crossword puzzles and gone are the days when they were noted in the clue. the two words are the same length, the clue should be phrased in such a way that only one of them can be the answer. this kind of clue is called an indirect anagram, which in the vast majority of cryptic crosswords are not used, ever since they were criticised by 'ximenes' in his 1966 book on the art of the crossword. indicators come either before or after the letters to be anagrammed. a typical cryptic clue describes its answer in detail and often more than once, the solver can usually have a great deal of confidence in the answer once it has been determined.
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Cryptic crossword - Wikipedia
a crossword by araucaria, "araucaria is" coded for iam (= "i am") as part of an answer. at the grid, go over the clues for any 3-, 4- & 5-letter words. the opposite of a hidden word clue, where letters missing from a sentence have to be found, is known as a printer's devilry, and appears in some advanced cryptics. of really poor clues in this one, and some cynical misdirection. in finnish, this type of crossword puzzle is known as piilosana (literally "hidden word"), while krypto refers to a crossword puzzle where the letters have been coded as numbers. to solve cryptic crosswords from puzzazz (american style, some british info). "for example" is abbreviated to the letters e and g (for "e. canadian newspapers, including the ottawa citizen, toronto star and the globe and mail, carry cryptic crosswords.., a triple definition clue would be considered an amusing variation in the uk but unsound in the us. the best part of solving a good crossword puzzle is coming away with more than you started with. is a clue for pare, which means "shave" and is a homophone of pair, or "twins"."(8)" says that the answer is a single word of eight letters. the crossword also comes with another set of "quick clues" (american-style) which provide a completely different set of answers. indicators, among the thousands possible, include: about, abstract, absurd, adapted, adjusted, again, alien, alternative, anew, another, around, arranged, assembled, assorted, at sea, awful, awkward, bad, barmy, becomes, blend, blow, break, brew, build, careless, changed, chaotic, characters, clumsy, composed, confused, contrived, convert, cooked, corrupt, could be, crazy, damaged, dancing, designed, develop, different, disorderly, disturbed, doctor, eccentric, edited, engineer, fabricate, fake, fancy, faulty, fiddled, fix, foolish, form, free, fudge, gives, ground, hammer, haywire, hybrid, improper, in a tizzy, involved, irregular, jostle, jumbled, jumping, kind of, knead, letters, loose, made, managed, maybe, messy, mistaken, mix, modified, moving, muddled, mutant, new, novel, odd, off, order, organised, otherwise, out, outrageous, peculiar, perhaps, playing, poor, possible, prepared, produced, queer, questionable, random, reform, remodel, repair, resort, rough, shaken, shifting, silly, sloppy, smashed, somehow, sort, spoilt, strange, style, switch, tangled, treated, tricky, troubled, turning, twist, unconventional, undone, unsettled, unsound, untidy, unusual, upset, used, vary, version, warped, wayward, weird, wild, working, wrecked, wrong. the solution word or phrase and its corresponding spoonerism are clued for, and the clue type is almost always indicated by reference to spooner himself – with some regions/publications insisting his religious title "rev. telegraph on easter sunday 2014 had an anagram clue whose answer was easter sunday, and its definition part was "today". the norse god odin is hidden in "god incarnate", as clued by "essentially", but the definition of odin is also the whole clue, as odin is essentially a god incarnate.)" = sta or indirectly with an abbreviated word as part of the clue, "rr stop" = sta. the authors suggest that cryptic crossword skill is bound up with code-cracking and problem-solving skills of a logical and quasi-algebraic nature. to today's new york times crossword found online at the seattle times website. typical clue consists of two parts, the definition and the wordplay. worked on my first crossword puzzle when i was about 6-years-old, sitting on my dad's knee. "top 10 crosswords in fiction, no 9: pg wodehouse's the truth about george". this is in contrast to non-cryptic crossword clues which often have several possible answers and force the solver to use the crossing letters to distinguish which was intended. atlantic magazine had a long-running variety cryptic crossword, known as the puzzler, created by emily cox and henry rathvon beginning in 1977, available only online since march 2006.
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Get a Clue: Top Crossword Solver Throws Down Geeky Challenge
consider this clue:About to come between little desmond and worker for discourse (7). the nation’s cryptic crosswords (american style, with some notes specific to the nation). these ten tips will improve your crossword puzzle solving skills. indicators of a hidden clue are "in part", "partially", "in", "within", "hides", "conceals", "some", and "held by". word "spectacles" clues oo because these letters look like a pair of spectacles "from the top". of the major national newspapers in the uk carry both cryptic and concise (quick) crosswords. "compiler", or the name or codename of the compiler (if visible by the crossword), codes for some form of the pronoun "i, me, my, mine". essence, a cryptic clue leads to its answer as long as it is read in the right way.-16 New York Times Crossword Answers 16 Oct 16, SundayHomequick solvesolution wizardclue databasecrossword forumdictionaryguidescontactmenu. the first british crossword puzzles appeared around 1923 and were purely definitional, but from the mid-1920s they began to include cryptic material: not cryptic clues in the modern sense, but anagrams, classical allusions, incomplete quotations, and other references and wordplay., we can decode this series of numbers, getting “like this clue”. the crossword editor is phil mcneill, who took over from kate fassett in early 2009. "following orders: playing fast and loose with language and letters. cryptic crossword is a crossword puzzle in which each clue is a word puzzle in and of itself. compilers of the guardian's cryptic crosswords include araucaria, enigmatist, pasquale, paul (john halpern again), rufus, and the late bob smithies (bunthorne). the new york post reprints cryptic crosswords from the times. several discrete areas have been explored: the cognitive or linguistic challenges posed by cryptic clues, the use of cryptic crosswords to preserve cognitive flexibility ("use-it-or-lose-it") in aging populations, and expertise studies into the drivers of high performance and ability in solving cryptics. crosswords often appear in british literature, and are particularly popular in murder mysteries, where they are part of the puzzle. here, we take the first letters of only the words "head office" (ho) and we take the "end" of the word "day" (y). july 2006 "puzzlecraft" section in games magazine on cryptic crossword construction noted that for cryptic crosswords to be readily solvable, no fewer than half the letters for every word should be checked by another word for a standard cryptic crossword, while nearly every letter should be checked for a variety cryptic crossword. the most important of them are tersely summed up by ximenes' successor azed (jonathan crowther, born 1942):A good cryptic clue contains three elements:A fair subsidiary indication. basic principle of fairness was set out by listener setter afrit (alistair ferguson ritchie) in his book armchair crosswords (1946), wherein he credits it to the fictional book of the crossword:We must expect the composer to play tricks, but we shall insist that he play fair. weekend edition features a cryptic crossword by "kropotkin" (rex benson) in addition to syndicated crosswords from the uk and australia."about" means that the letters of "tal" should be put either side of "ragic", giving "tragical". this is described by the paper as "the toughest crossword in fleet street" or similar and does include the setter's pseudonym.
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Crossword Corner: Thursday, July 14th 2016 Matt Skoczen
the £100 prize for the first correct solution opened is unusually high for a crossword and attracts many entrants. since all of the newspapers have different styles, concentrating on one of them is likely to lead to proficiency in only one style of clue-writing; moving to a different series, after perhaps years spent with just one, can leave the solver feeling as if they gone back to square one. clues tend to be short; in particular, two-word clues are almost always double-definition clues. crosswords were gradually taken up by other newspapers, appearing in the daily telegraph from 1925, the manchester guardian from 1929 and the times from 1930. india the telugu publication sakshi carries a "tenglish" (telugu-english, bilingual) cryptic crossword; the prajavani crossword (kannada) also employs cryptic wordplay. chinese something similar is the riddle of chinese characters, where partial characters instead of substrings are clued and combined. for instance, if both the across and down clue is plural for two answers which cross on the last letter, chances are that letter is 's'. nearly every clue has two non-overlapping parts to it: one part that provides an unmodified but often indirect definition for the word or phrase, and a second part that includes the wordplay involved. inevitably each setter has an individual (and often very recognisable) approach to clue-writing, but the way in which wordplay devices are used and indicated is kept within a defined set of rules. the german zeitmagazin has a weekly cryptic crossword called um die ecke gedacht and the sz magazin features das kreuz mit den worten. other part (the subsidiary indication, or wordplay) provides an alternative route to the answer (this part would be a second definition in the case of double definition clues). what the clue appears to say when read normally (the surface reading) is a distraction and usually has nothing to do with the clue answer. these newspaper puzzles were almost entirely non-cryptic at first and gradually used more cryptic clues, until the fully cryptic puzzle as known today became widespread. the irish times' cryptic crossword is currently set by crosaire's successor crosheir. bell was the first to set the times crossword from 1930 and was one of those responsible for establishing its distinctive cryptic style. torquemada (edward powys mathers), who set for the saturday westminster from 1925 and for the observer from 1926 until his death in 1939, was the first setter to use cryptic clues exclusively and is often credited as the inventor of the cryptic crossword. in every cycle, a setter publishes a certain number of crosswords allotted to him or her, unlike british papers where things are mostly random. geese find their origins in eggs, so the whole clue gives "egg", but the clue can also be broken down: e. noted cryptic setter derrick somerset macnutt (who wrote cryptics under the pseudonym of ximenes) discusses the importance and art of fair cluemanship in his seminal book on cryptic crosswords, ximenes on the art of the crossword (1966, reprinted 2001). the better technique is to simply attempt as many different crosswords as possible, perhaps to find a "comfort zone" but, more importantly, to experience the widest possible range of ximenean/libertarian styles. quick solveif you'd like us to try and find the answer to your elusive crossword clue then simply use the box below. indicator words include "receding", "in the mirror", "going the wrong way", "returns", "reverses" "to the left" or "left" (for across clues), and "rising", "overturned" or "mounted" or "comes up" (for down clues). the definition, which usually exactly matches the part of speech, tense, and number of the answer, is in essence the same as any 'straight' crossword clue, a synonym for the answer. learning these, or being able to spot them, is a useful and necessary part of becoming a skilled cryptic crossword solver. cryptic crosswords: from the new yorker edited by fraser simpson (sterling publishing 2001).
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